Determination of Enantiomeric Composition of Fluoxetine by Synchronous Fluorescence Spectrometry coupled with Multivariate Calibration in Biological Samples
Institute of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemical and Food Technology, Slovak University of Technology, Radlinského 9, SK-812 37 Bratislava, Slovakia
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Abstract: This paper presents rapid and low cost analytical method for the determination of the fluoxetine enantiomeric composition in biological samples (urine). The combination of synchronous fluorescence spectrometry and inverse multivariate calibration methods was used. The chiral recognition of the fluoxetine was based on the creating of the diastereomeric complexes with b-cyclodextrin. A net analytical signal of diastereomeric complexes was obtained by the addition of aliquot part of urine into calibration and validation sets. This step ensures the elimination of the urine matrix effect. The synchronous fluorescence spectra at the constant wavelength differences (Dl) of 30 and 50 nm, based on RMS %RE values, were chosen for chemometric analysis. Principal component regression (PCR) and partial least square method (PLS) were compared to determine the enantiomeric composition. The most suitable results were provided by the PLS model constructed from the synchronous data at Dl = 50 nm. The calculated figure of merit was used for validation of proposed method.
Keywords: chiral analysis, fluoxetine enantiomers, synchronous fluorescence spectrometry, multivariate calibration, biological samples
Full paper in Portable Document Format: acs_0259.pdf
Acta Chimica Slovaca, Vol. 9, No. 2, 2016, pp. 163—168, DOI: 10.1515/acs-2016-0028