Acta Chimica Slovaca (ACS) publishes papers on fundamental and applied aspects of chemistry, biochemistry, chemical technology, chemical engineering and process control, biotechnology and food technology. Welcome are also topics which include chemical aspects of materials, physical chemistry and chemical physics, analytical chemistry, macromolecular chemistry and biomedical engineering.

Therapeutic potential of curcumin in medicinal chemistry

Daniela Košťálová, Lýdia Bezáková a, Lucia Račková b, Silvia Mošovská *, Ernest Šturdík

Department of Nutrition and Food Assessment, Faculty of Chemical and Food Technology, Radlinského 9, 812 37 Bratislava
a Department of Cell and Molecular Biology of Drugs, Faculty of Pharmacy, Comenius University, Odbojárov 10, 832 32 Bratislava
b Institute of Experimental Pharmacology and Toxicology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dúbravská cesta 9, 841 04 Bratislava

E-mail: *

Abstract: Extensive research over the past half century has shown that curcumin (diferuloylmethane), a polyphenolic compound of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.), can modulate multiple cell signaling pathways. Extensive clinical trials have addressed the pharmacokinetics, safety, and efficacy of this nutraceutical against numerous diseases in human. Curcumin, known for thousand years as a subject of Ayurvedic medicine, has undergone in recent times remarkable transformation into a drug candidate with prospective multipotent therapeutic application. Characterized by high chemical reactivity, resulting from an extended conjugated double bond system prone to nucleophilic attack, curcumin has been shown to interact with a plethora of molecular targets, in numerous experimental observations. In clinical trials, has been used either alone or in combination with other agent. However, its clinical advance has been limited by its short biological half-life, fast metabolism and poor systemic bioavailability after oral administration. To mitigate the above limitations, recently various formulation of curcumin, including nanoparticles, micelles, liposomes, phytosomes delivery system has been examined. The present review has been devoted towards better understanding of the phyto-nutraceutic properties of curcumin and turmeric based on their disease specific indications and enhancing their prophylactic and therapeutic nutraceutical qualities. The article deals with the biological activity, mode of action, toxicity and forthcoming application of these leads.

Keywords: curcumin, turmeric, absorption, bioavailability, metabolism, nanocurcumin, medicine

Full paper in Portable Document Format: acs_0150.pdf

Acta Chimica Slovaca, Vol. 6, No. 1, 2013, pp. 89—99, DOI: 10.2478/acs-2013-0015