Acta Chimica Slovaca (ACS) publishes papers on fundamental and applied aspects of chemistry, biochemistry, chemical technology, chemical engineering and process control, biotechnology and food technology. Welcome are also topics which include chemical aspects of materials, physical chemistry and chemical physics, analytical chemistry, macromolecular chemistry and biomedical engineering.

Ion-pairing in aqueous solutions of peroxodisulfates

Jan Balej

Heřmanova 35, 17000 Prague 7, Czech Republic

Abstract: Probable values of the degree of ion-pairing (ion-association) of aqueous solutions of alkali metal and ammonium peroxodisulfates have been calculated for various estimated values of association constants, in dependence a) on the concentration of the binary solution, b) on the concentration of the other electrolyte in the polycomponent solution with the common ion, able or not able to form ion pair, and c) on the value of the activity quotient Qa. It followed that in the presence of another component with a common cation and neglecting the influence of activity coefficients, the ion-association degree of peroxodisulfate α > 0.5 in solutions with total molality mt > 0.1 mol kg–1; as mostly Qa < 1.0, the ion-association degree is even higher so that in such cases the alkali metal and ammonium peroxodisulfates can prevailingly behave as uni-univalent electrolytes. In agreement with these results, evaluation of the solubility of sodium, potassium and ammonium peroxodisulfates in some ternary and quaternary systems has been performed under the simplified assumption of a complete ion-association to MS2O81– ions. It has been shown that the mean deviations between the calculated and observed solubilities of the crystallizing components are almost equally low as under the assumption of a total dissociation of the corresponding substances. The results indicated that the prevailing ion-association of more concentrated solutions of peroxodisufates could be taken as an acceptable approach for the quantitative evaluation of physico-chemical behaviour of systems containing peroxodisulfates.

Keywords: Ion-pairing, Degree of ion-association, Alkali metal peroxodisulfates, Ammonium peroxodisulfate, Evaluation of solubility

Full paper in Portable Document Format: acs_0128.pdf

Acta Chimica Slovaca, Vol. 5, No. 2, 2012, pp. 180—185