Acta Chimica Slovaca (ACS) publishes papers on fundamental and applied aspects of chemistry, biochemistry, chemical technology, chemical engineering and process control, biotechnology and food technology. Welcome are also topics which include chemical aspects of materials, physical chemistry and chemical physics, analytical chemistry, macromolecular chemistry and biomedical engineering.

Viscometry determination of the kinetic of degradation of iron-gall inks

Michaela Ciglanská *, Michal Čeppan

Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Faculty of Chemical and Food Technology, Department of Graphic Art Technology and Applied Photochemistry, Radlinského 9, 821 37, Bratislava, Slovakia

E-mail: *

Abstract: Degradation of historical written documents, drawings and manuscripts containing iron-gall inks is a significant problem for years. Many researches proved that iron (II) ions and acids in the iron-gall inks cause damage of these documents. The purpose of this study was to assess the possibility of using degree of polymerization based on viscometric data in study of kinetic of degradation and determination of kinetic constant of degradation of model systems iron-gall inks — paper substrate. The obtained results were compared to the results obtained using degrees of polymerization based on gel permeation chromatography data. It was found, that the kinetic constants of degradation of model systems obtained from viscometric and from gel permeation chromatography data correlate.

Keywords: iron-gall inks, degradation of historical documents, viscometry, gel permeation chromatography

Full paper in Portable Document Format: acs_0119.pdf

Acta Chimica Slovaca, Vol. 5, No. 2, 2012, pp. 126—130, DOI: 10.2478/v10188-012-0019-x